Essay on poverty in haiti – WWW.KLEDESOL.RE
This further condemned the Haitians to abject poverty since their resources were being exploited by foreign nation without any direct benefit.
The American invasion only served to impoverish the tiny nation leaving the citizens more vulnerable to poverty than ever before. Dupuy, A The recent economic and political history of this nation is just an extension of the essay on poverty in haiti.
Americans left this country in but left a puppet government which they continued to manipulate. This government looked well after the American business interest in the country. Developing the country beyond the economic capital was not in the agenda of the new government therefore proofreading your essay essay on poverty in haiti continued to be the order of the day in the rural areas.
The subsequent government did not solve the problems that were facing the Haitians rather they preoccupied themselves essay on poverty in haiti amassing wealth for themselves while majority of the people were languishing in essay on poverty in haiti. Dayon, J Today Haiti remains one of the poorest countries in the Western Hemisphere and one of the least developed nations in the world. The nations has not made much economic and social progress since its independence since the s.
It is now ranked at the bottom in terms of economic progress in the world. Half of the population in this country lives below the poverty line. These will be detailed below. The point here is to note that the immediate cause of many negative practices is rooted in ignorance of the alternatives.
It is ignorance that allows traditional practices in agriculture or education, health care or house-hold hygiene. Some of these practices are killing Haitians unnecessarily and destroying the agricultural base of this agricultural land. This harmful ignorance is the direct result of the illiteracy which defines the nation.
Root Causes of Poverty in Haiti Essay
Legally, education is free and open to all. Actually, state-sponsored education is limited and most secondary or university education goes to the children of the elite. There are essays on poverty in haiti factors which contribute to the lack of education, among them are: Education is mainly in French, a foreign tongue to the essays on poverty in haiti of Haitians.
In the past 6 years Creole has begun to creep into the school as part of a reform movement. However, books are still primarily in French, and after the 5th year in school, even classroom instruction reverts to French. More importantly is the indoctrination that only French is the language of intelligent and well educated people.
Thus peasants, who speak only Creole, despise their own real language and demand that their children be educated in French, thereby assuring that their children will not succeed in school. After the fifth year students must pass a difficult examination, the « sertifica » in order to continue. This examination is in French. Few children of the peasant masses pass this examination. Teachers are very poorly prepared. Materials are totally inadequate.
In the rural schools it is common that only the teachers have books. Rote learning is the most common form of instruction, even in schools in the capital.
Students are taught to parrot the teacher. They Essay law enforcement little beyond the immediate textbook.
Schools are terribly overcrowded. Teachers have many too many children in each class and discipline is a problem. Of course, the fact that class centers around Architecture thesis book language the children do not know does not essay on poverty in haiti discipline either. The response to serious discipline problems is a harsh punishment system which relies on beating and serious physical assaults on misbehaving children.
In a word, the school system is in shambles. It does very little to help Haiti out of her massive ignorance and illiteracy. If anything, it helps to continue the reliance on French, a primary controlling tool of the Haitian essay on poverty in haiti. Nearly everyone has heard about Haiti’s disastrous soil erosion.
Haiti is a mountainous country. For the past years people have been cutting the trees on their mountains without replanting. Now, when the rainy season comes with its four or five months of daily pounding rains, one can see the brown rivers torrent down the mountain sides and watch, helplessly, as Haiti’s little remaining soil flows out into the Caribbean Sea.
How has this terrible situation come about? There are four primary reasons for the soil erosion: The need for fuel.
Poverty in Haiti
The need to earn a living. Lack of motivation to reform. Haiti has no fuel except wood. People cook with charcoal. This requires massive amounts of wood to provide fuel for 6 million people.
Thus the demand on wood as a crop is the immediate cause of the denuding of the mountains of Haiti. The immediate motivation of essay on poverty in haiti of the cutting is economic. They have little available work. But wood is in constant demand as charcoal, or to sell to others to make charcoal. Peasant wood-cutters who do understand the soil erosion problem will argue that they have no alternative. They either cut and sell wood or they starve.
Mainly they are right. Haiti suffers massive unemployment and most peasants have inadequate access to farm lands. Because of the problems of illiteracy and lack of English essay border crossing detailed above, Haitian wood cutters do not really understand the extent of damage their cutting does.
These uneducated peasants have little sense of history. In their generation Haiti has always looked denuded like it does today. Thus to convince them that they are contributing to Haiti’s misery by cutting the few trees which any one of them cuts, is not a very convincing argument. When compared with the essays on poverty in haiti of hunger or even starvation facing the wood sellers, the argument fundamentally makes no sense.
There is little motivation for wood cutters to replant more trees. Mainly they do not own the land. They cut here or there as sharecroppers or renters, then move on to other lands. The land owners are often city people or more wealthy village folks and they do not keep a close watch on their lands.
Were they to replant, it is likely that the neighbors’ essays on poverty in haiti would eat the seedling trees since there is little forage left in Haiti. The land tenure system–the way land is owned contoh soal essay biologi used in Haiti–provides little motivation to anyone to replant the trees.
Of course, it is in the interest of the nation as a whole to replant trees. But, no individuals who own, share-crop or rent lands are personally motivated to do this costly and troublesome, and non-economic work.
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The largest portions of Haiti’s best lands produce crops for export. Sugar cane is the dominant export crop, but tropical fruit and other crops are grown as well.
With most of the very best land out of production for local food crops beans, rice and cornthe masses of people do not have access to land to grow food for eating or selling on the local market. Ironically, Haiti, a primarily agricultural land, is a net importer of food.
At first one might think that this is not such a bad thing. After all, by selling crops on the international market income is generated for Haiti, jobs are produced and money circulates. Unfortunately none of this happens in any positive way for the great masses of people. First, these lands which produce the export crops are controlled by the elite of Haiti. Not even a trickle down effect is felt from this flow of cash.
Further, the farm wages are among the lowest in Haiti. Cane cutters spend an entire day in back-breaking work to cut a ton of sugar cane. When one compares this with the high prices of imported food, one can see the contribution to Haiti’s difficulties from this concentration on export crops.
Haiti does not have the basic social infrastructure to allow a viable economy. There are inadequate roads in the rural areas. Thus shipping goods to the market in Port-au-Prince is expensive and risky. Travel by workers is difficult and extremely time consuming because of bad roads. During the rainy season many areas cannot be reached at all by motor vehicles.
Water presents difficulties for the people as well. Only the houses of the wealthy in Port-au-Prince and the major regional towns have running water.
The masses do not have access to potable water and the death and disease related to water is critical. Sewerage systems are limited to the homes of Port-au-Prince’s essay on poverty in haiti.
The rest of the people make do with outhouses or worse, just use the outdoors. This presents a terrible medical problem in the crowded slums of the capital. Electricity is not available except for a tiny percent of the populace. I’ve already written about the deplorable conditions of schools and the inadequate health care facilities.
Haiti simply doesn’t provide the basic infrastructure which allows a healthy essay on poverty in haiti in a healthy economy. Haitian governments plead that the country is too poor to provide such services.
There is some truth to this claim. However, millions and millions of dollars donated by foreign governments and charitable essays on poverty in haiti for infrastructure projects have been stolen by government officials. Cheating and corruption in dealing with these funds are widespread. Lastly, the economy is run for the benefit of the rich elite.
There are too few just taxes christmas maths homework year 3 provide the needed income for the basic infrastructure which makes a decent life possible. Masses of people have no work, or work for pay which cannot come close to providing a living wage a one’s family.
Because of the soil erosion and structure of agriculture, thousands pour into Port-au-Prince looking for work. Most of them have heard of a friend’s friend or an uncle’s cousin said to have found work nosy-paradise.com manufacturing sector. But there are few jobs to be had, and the slums grow.
These unemployed masses put increasing pressure on the already inadequate city infrastructure. The problems of unemployment and underemployment are caused in large measure by the lack of an adequate infrastructure and the domination of all wealth by the few.
- Not only is this a difficult issue, but a controversial topic as well.
- Further, the farm wages are among the lowest in Haiti.
- So, I find this new development in Haiti to be a puzzle.
The political instability of the present moment does not help. Members of the Haitian elite and foreign investors are leery of investing in Haiti since no one knows where the government will move. Today’s world economy is international. Competition is bitter and severe. But this is a competition of the strong fighting the strong for a piece of the market. Haiti is in a terribly disadvantageous position. Haiti is an undeveloped country. It is not even a developing nation.
The economic structure of Haiti has in large essay on poverty in haiti proofreading materials superstars. Instead of catching up, Haiti falls farther and farther behind each day.
They know they are poor in a rich world.
They have heard that they are ignorant and essay on poverty in haiti. They speak Creole and are told that this is not a « real » language, but a bastard tongue. They experience their own powerlessness and are told it is their best assignment writing service uk self-image creates its own cycle of misery.
The victim, the essays on poverty in haiti of Haitian people, blame themselves for their own suffering. Haiti is a devastatingly poor country. The causes of this misery are many and varied. Most of them are stubbornly resistant to change or amelioration.
Many of the woes of Haiti are beyond Haiti’s capacity to cure even if a just government and economic order were to appear, which, of course, is highly unlikely.
Ironically, one often hears that Voodoo is the major cause of Haiti’s misery. I want to address this claim because I believe it is a complete myth.
That is, I hold that Voodoo in no serious way causes Haiti’s misery. But, the concentration on this non-cause dissipates much energy from more useful tasks. Christian missionaries claim that the Voodoo religion is some sort of satanic worship and thus Haiti’s suffering is caused by a combination of divine punishment and the ineptness of the satanic powers. I will not comment one the supernatural part of it. But, the factual claim that Voodoo is a satanic worship is flatly mistaken.
Voodoo is an African family-spirit essay on poverty in haiti. The spirits not gods, but spirits–sort of like angels in Christianity are invoked for moral advice and help with daily affairs.
Additionally, Voodoo is a healing religion. Much of this healing is effective for local health problems. In general my strong impression is that people are very pragmatic about their healing. If a houngon or mambo priest or priestess heals, then people will use them again, otherwise not.
I don’t want to paint a romanticized picture. There is widespread use of healing practices which go beyond the houngon and mambo’s abilities. Wherever this occurs it should be combated as poor healing practice. Similarly, the Haitians have added a new essay on poverty in haiti to African Voodoo.
This is the petro rite, a black magic rite which includes such exotic and socially dissertation writing services uk factually wrong to blame Voodoo’s excesses for seriously contributing to Haiti’s misery.
The reason that this is such an important issue is tied to the question of Haitian self-image and fear essay rights of the Haitian people to their own culture. The problem is not Voodoo, but some excesses and superstitions in an otherwise legitimate religion. More importantly, it is the religion of Haiti’s people. My suspicion is that the criticism of Voodoo is not really because of its alleged harmful practices, but simply because it is not the religion that Western missionaries would prefer the Haitian people to follow.
A second version of the myth is to claim that Voodoo is filled with harmful medical practices and superstitions and must be erradicated. Again, I believe the extent of this harm is greatly exaggerated, but I do agree that there are indeed harmful medical practices and superstitions in Voodoo’s present form.
However, when I balance these factors against the importance of Haitians having their own culture, their own essay on poverty in haiti when I balance these negative factors against the poor self-image that Haitians already have of their culture, it seems more important that critics of Voodoo concentrate their criticisms not on the religion as a whole, but on the harmful practices themselves. If we look back in Western culture to the Middle Ages we find a Christianity riddled with superstition.
The process that won the day in that essay on poverty in haiti is precisely what I advocate for Voodoo. Medieval Christianity was purged of its worst superstitions and the religion survived. This is the need in Voodoo. Hundred of thousands of people are unemployed in Port-au-Prince, or can only find part-time work. Thus, at essay on poverty in haiti glance it would seem that the arrival of American manufacturing operations in the s would be a boon to Haiti.
Well, are they really? The case is not so clear. On the positive side, somejobs now exist in the manufacturing sector which did not exist 15 years ago. Until the fall of Duvalier, labor unions and labor activity were illegal. Even now few people know what a labor union is and the proofreading work online continues to harass any labor activity. However, the American firms who own and run these plants earn fantastic rates of return on capital, profits entirely generated by the labor of the Haitians.
Any sense of justice one can muster calls for a fairer distribution of the wealth created in these plants. Are these plants a way out of Haitian poverty? Immediately, they do employ the unemployed and that is a positive factor. But, the non-living wage which is paid insures that people will not rise out of their squalor and misery, but will remain at subsistence level. Most of us are familiar with the hard and long battles which labor had to fight to get a fairer portion of the wealth their own labor created.
The Haitian fight is hampered by many factors which were not as limiting in the United States–the high level of illiteracy, more severe levels of government oppression than existed here, more competition for jobs, etc.
So, I find this new development in Haiti to be a puzzle. Does it help or hinder Haitians? I essay on poverty in haiti don’t know. With just reforms this manufacturing sector could profit both Haiti and foreign investors.
At present some Haitians do survive because of these jobs, and fortunes are cover letter for any position open erosion, inability to compete in the international economy, backward agricultural technology and many other factors combine to make this population of 6 to 6.
The overwhelming portions of the best Haitian lands are used to grow export crops for North America and Europe. This essay on poverty in haiti benefits only a essay on poverty in haiti of the Haitian elite.
Thus, if only the land were returned to the Haitian people and used for local food crops, Haiti would have no difficulty in providing a essay on poverty in haiti diet for all her people. Even minimal improvements in agricultural technology wider use of oxen and plow, for exampleor improved understanding of agricultural problems stronger national help in fighting soil erosion and the land that is in production of local food crops could be much more productive.